Dinner’s ready! Rushing out you saw the steaming bowl of rice. That made you wonder how these tiny delicious things yield from the land? Ever wondered what kind of rice one can see at a kheti mandi (Farmer’s market). There can be endless curiosity dwelling around just a single grain of rice. Let’s unveil a few.
- Rice was formally indigenous to Thailand and India. It made its way into the western sides through soldiers, merchants and voyagers.
- Rice was thought to have been cultivated initially in China’s Yangtze River basin, according to archaeological data.
- Rice is a widely consumed dish in India. It is usually simply white in colour. It is known to be the most significant food crop in the developing world, and more than half of the world’s population eats it as a staple meal. It is a good source of complex carbs and is high in nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.
- India is the 2nd largest rice producer in the world. The weather conditions needed for rice cultivation are bountiful rain & sunny weather which India can provide on predictable metrics.
- Rice is one of the most labour-intensive crops to produce owing to its large water usage. Farmers are required to flood the paddy fields because rice becomes more and produces furthermore when cultivated on damp soil.
- In India, there are about 6000 distinct kinds of rice today. But it is believed that tens of thousands of native rice variants are long gone in the last forty years or so. Types of rice are astonishingly surprising. India is famous for its long aromatic basmati rice which is grown in the northern region of the country. Did you know that red rice is a very popular delicacy in Kerala and neighbouring states?
- Iffco (Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited), a government body, suggests the best fertilizers for rice cultivation in India. One can also avail the suited products from them.
- Rice cultivation is a long process where it involves growth in stages. Stages involve the nursery raising of seedlings, which is followed by transplantation procedures in the fields. Then comes the application of fertilizers, weeding and lastly water management becomes crucial. The only difference between organic farming of rice and standard rice cultivation is natural fertilizers and processes like vermicomposting.
- Rice is used to make rice bran oil, rice cakes, wine, and a variety of other products. Rice flour is a common ingredient in face powders and infant formula, as well as for refining jewellery. Rice bran oil can be used in cooking, soap manufacturing, and as an insecticide ingredient.
There is much more history and stories a single rice grain can unfold. Just like English which is the universal language, rice can be considered as the universal food. In India, stray dogs are fed rice and milk. Rice is believed to be highly nutritious and a filling delicacy in India.